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TXT Format Description

Text file is a form of presentation of succession of characters in computer corresponding to MIME type «text/plain». Every character belonging to exploitable set of characters is coded as one bite but sometimes as a succession of two, three etc. bites, coming one by one.

Text files are broken into several lines. In modern platforms fragmentation into lines is coded by control character of line shifting and sometimes with a succession of two control characters (in some old platforms line fragmentation was done in another way). Generally text files may contain printing characters such as letters, numbers and punctuation marks as well as a certain number of control characters such as tabulation and line shifting.

Text files are opposed to binary files where information is coded according to other principles.

The majority of computer devices and programs don't differentiate text and binary files. Nevertheless there is a great number of programs designed specially for text files processing or for those programs that process text and binary files in different ways. Many network protocols are assigned for work with text files only and can not process arbitrary succession of bites. Programs for text files hand setting are called editors.  

In Windows expansion «txt» is used for text files, nevertheless many files with other expansions can be text as well. E.g. initial codes are generally kept in files with those expansions that correspond to the programming language that was used for writing the program. File expansions are not obligatory.


Образец txt-файла в текстовом редакторе
Sample of a text file opened in editor

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